Executive Summary

Agroforestry is a practice involving the deliberate integration of trees or shrubs in farming landscapes involving crops or livestock in order to obtain benefits from the interactions between trees and/or shrubs the tree and crop or livestock component.  The most up-to-date study of tree cover in agricultural landscape by Zomer et al. (2014), estimates the global extent of agroforestry, considering agricultural landscapes with at least 10% tree cover, as over 1 billion hectares of land (more that 43% of all agricultural land area), supporting more than 900 million people, mostly in the tropical and sub-tropical regions inhabited by poorer populations.

Agroforestry is important in rural livelihoods as it provides a range of ecosystem services with additional benefits such as keeping farmers more food secure through more diversified food and cash crop outputs (fruit tree products, other non-timber forest products, food crops) and resilient to environmental or socio-economic shocks by on-farm livelihood diversification and enhancement of regulating ecosystem services for yield stability.

This exploratory study aims to shed light on the value of ecosystem services agroforestry systems provide and the attractiveness of agroforestry in terms of the ability to remove carbon emissions compared to monoculture cropping.  The study is part of a broader project of the TEEB for Agriculture and Food (TEEBAgriFood) study. At the same time the study is relevant for UN-REDD partner countries as they identify what policies and measures (PAMs) to undertake as part of REDD+ implementation. The report uses cases studies from Ethiopia (coffee), Tanzania (Ngitili) and Ghana (cocoa).

The Study

» Executive Summary

» Full Study Agroforestry: an attractive REDD+ policy option?


The study on AgroForestry has been commissioned by UNEP TEEB to: World Agroforestry CentreUNEP-WCMC and UN-REDD