TEEBAgriFood Exploratory Studies

The objective of these exploratory studiesinter alia, is to build evidence to identify policy options to facilitate a transition towards more sustainable agricultural practices. More particularly, this project seeks to improve the understanding among policymakers and key stakeholders about the economic dependencies and interactions between each sector and ecosystem services & biodiversity, and their value to society. This understanding will make it possible to assess the economic tradeoffs between short-term productivity gains on the one hand and longer-term ecosystem impacts (which in turn might decrease agri-productivity in the future), and to design incentive mechanisms to facilitate greener and more sustainable outcomes.


» Agroforestry

The study aims to shed light on the value of ecosystem services agroforestry systems provide and the attractiveness of agroforestry in terms of the ability to remove carbon emissions compared to monoculture cropping. The report uses cases studies from Ethiopia (coffee), Tanzania (Ngitili) and Ghana (cocoa). [ read more ]


» Inland Fisheries

The study took stock of the current state of knowledge on the multiple services (benefits) that fish production generates, globally and in three case studies in North America (Columbia River, CR), Asia (Lower Mekong Basin, LMB) and Africa (Lake Victoria Basin, LVB). The case studies provided an analysis of the economic value of the provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural services of inland capture fisheries and freshwater aquaculture under existing and alternative water management scenarios. [ read more ]


» Livestock 

The aim of this study is to assess the positive and negative socio-economic and environmental effects of livestock production systems, from both global and national perspectives, using a methodology based on a framework developed by TEEB. The methodology is driven by the notion that the valuation of the costs and benefits derived from livestock can be approached in two ways: a topdown approach and a bottom-up approach. The valuation of costs and benefits follows the principles of environmental economics,implying that those aspects are quantified in economic terms. [ read more ]


» Maize (forthcoming)


» Palm Oil

The report demonstrates how natural and human capital accounting can be used to understand and reduce the environmental and human impact costs of palm oil production. The scope of the research is limited to palm oil production and its supply chain for inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides. This approach was chosen rather than a full value chain assessment because this is where most natural capital impact costs occur. It does not include downstream activities such as transportation, product manufacturing, consumption and end of use. [ read more ]


» Rice 

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) together with its partners, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and Bioversity International as well as Trucost has applied the TEEB approach to the rice farming sector. Rice (Oryza sativa from Asia or Oryza glaberrima from Africa) production is essential to the food security and livelihoods of around 140 million rice farming households and provides a range of ecosystem services beyond food production (i.e. cereal grain)  alone.

Latest Publications

TEEBAgriFood Interim Report

The Interim Report introduces the key questions, issues and arguments to be addressed by TEEBAgriFood.

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Towards TEEBAgriFood

TEEB is bringing together economists, business leaders, agriculturalists and experts in biodiversity and ecosystem services to systematically review the economic interdependencies between agriculture and natural ecosystems, and provide a comprehensive economic valuation of eco-agri-food systems. Alexander Müller, TEEB for Agriculture & Food…

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TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

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TEEB for Agriculture & Food Concept Note

February 2014- The Concept Note presents the case for and proposed outline content of a TEEB for Agriculture & Food study.

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Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress

December 2013 – The briefing note outlines existing guidance and examples on water quality accounting and identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting. Inspired by the growing global focus on natural capital accounting, the note identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting, in order to encourage debate and commitment towards effective water and biodiversity policy.

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