Biome Studies

Biomes, such as forests, oceans and wetlands, and bioregions such as the Arctic, are home to diverse and unique plant forms and animals and generate ecosystem services important at local, regional and global scales. Yet they continue to be rapidly lost or degraded in part because natural capital stocks and the flow of ecosystem services at the biome level are economically invisible, hence unaccounted for in public and private decision making.

Building on the TEEB approach to draw attention to the economic benefits of ecosystems services, studies have been initiated to capture the economic benefits of three biomes namely ocean and coastal biodiversity, and of water and wetlands and finally the Arctic.

The Biome studies seek to disclose the economic benefits of preserving these ecosystems, clear existing knowledge gaps about their functions, and support the mainstreaming of their values and considerations into both national policy-making and broader societal perspectives.


Latest Publications

Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) (2018). Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis of the results and recommendations of TEEB for Agriculture and Food’s Scientific and Economic Foundations report. Geneva: UN Environment. Download report

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Scientific and Economic Foundations Report

The TEEBAgriFood ‘Scientific and Economic Foundations’ report addresses the core theoretical issues and controversies underpinning the evaluation of the nexus between the agri-food sector, biodiversity and ecosystem services and externalities including human health impacts from agriculture on a global scale. It argues the…

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TEEBAgriFood Interim Report

The Interim Report introduces the key questions, issues and arguments to be addressed by TEEBAgriFood.

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Towards TEEBAgriFood

TEEB is bringing together economists, business leaders, agriculturalists and experts in biodiversity and ecosystem services to systematically review the economic interdependencies between agriculture and natural ecosystems, and provide a comprehensive economic valuation of eco-agri-food systems. Alexander Müller, TEEB for Agriculture & Food…

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TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

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