Sectoral Studies

The links between business, biodiversity and ecosystem services vary across sectors, and even within sectors. They depend on the location of the business, the source of its raw materials, in some cases the location of its customers, and/or the production technology employed.

Broadly, these links can be grouped into business impacts on biodiversity, on the one hand, and business dependence on ecosystem services, on the other hand. In each case it is important to look beyond direct impacts and dependence, to consider the indirect links arising through business value chains.

Building on our approach to draw attention to the economic benefits of ecosystems services to agricultural systems, we will soon produce a study on ‘TEEB for Agriculture and Food’.

This study will seek to reveal the benefits of preserving ecosystems, bridge the knowledge gaps of the ecosystem services and functions they provide to agriculture and food, and support the mainstreaming of biodiversity and ecosystem considerations into both national policy-making and broader societal perspectives.

Farmer Harvests Sorghum Seeds in Sudan



TEEB for Agriculture and Food

Latest Publications

TEEBAgriFood Interim Report

The Interim Report introduces the key questions, issues and arguments to be addressed by TEEBAgriFood.

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Towards TEEBAgriFood

TEEB is bringing together economists, business leaders, agriculturalists and experts in biodiversity and ecosystem services to systematically review the economic interdependencies between agriculture and natural ecosystems, and provide a comprehensive economic valuation of eco-agri-food systems. Alexander Müller, TEEB for Agriculture & Food…

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TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

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TEEB for Agriculture & Food Concept Note

February 2014- The Concept Note presents the case for and proposed outline content of a TEEB for Agriculture & Food study.

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Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress

December 2013 – The briefing note outlines existing guidance and examples on water quality accounting and identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting. Inspired by the growing global focus on natural capital accounting, the note identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting, in order to encourage debate and commitment towards effective water and biodiversity policy.

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