TEEB-inspired Country Studies

The TEEB Office provides a platform for TEEB-inspired country studies that are financed and managed by governments or other development partners. The TEEB Secretariat has, in some cases, had no direct involvement with the studies, while for others it has provided support inter alia project design and fundraising, technical assistance on ensuring that the project follows the TEEB approach, and formal endorsement as a “TEEB Country Study” by the TEEB Advisory Board.

A TEEB country study identifies the ecosystem services that are vital to meeting the country’s policy priorities and makes recommendations on how these services can be integrated into policies. These recommendations depending on the country context can include policies for poverty alleviation, subsidy reform, land use management, protected area management, securing livelihoods, investment in natural infrastructure restoration and national accounting to include natural capital.

TEEB studies can help countries answer these questions:

A. What is the natural capital in my country and what is driving change?
B. Do we measure and understand our natural capital?
C. To what extent are the values of nature integrated into decision-making?
D. What are the issues that need policy attention?
E. What are the policy tools and decision options that offer solutions?


The main elements of a TEEB country study in six steps are:

STEP 1. Define objectives of the country study by specifying & agreeing on key policy issues with stakeholders
STEP 2. Identify the most relevant ecosystem services
STEP 3. Define information needs and select appropriate methods
STEP 4. Assess and value ecosystem services
STEP 5. Identify and outline the pros and cons of policy options, including the distributional impacts
STEP 6. Review, refine and report

Relevant Documents

guidanceThe Guidance Manual for TEEB Country Studies provides both technical and operational guidance on how countries may conduct a TEEB Country Study. It outlines the various steps that may be taken to initiate and implement a country study, communicate its findings, and implement the recommendations of the study.

TEEB Pilot Country Studies

The TEEB Secretariat is also managing a portfolio of 5 TEEB Pilot Country Studies (Bhutan, Ecuador, Liberia, Philippines and Tanzania), in the framework of the European Commission-financed project ‘Reflecting the Value of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Policy-Making’ – [read more].

Countries and institutions interested in conducting TEEB or TEEB-inspired projects or showcasing their current work are encouraged to contact the UNEP TEEB Office for support and guidance by sending an email to teeb@unep.org.

Latest Publications

Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) (2018). Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis of the results and recommendations of TEEB for Agriculture and Food’s Scientific and Economic Foundations report. Geneva: UN Environment. Download report

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Scientific and Economic Foundations Report

The TEEBAgriFood ‘Scientific and Economic Foundations’ report addresses the core theoretical issues and controversies underpinning the evaluation of the nexus between the agri-food sector, biodiversity and ecosystem services and externalities including human health impacts from agriculture on a global scale. It argues the…

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TEEBAgriFood Interim Report

The Interim Report introduces the key questions, issues and arguments to be addressed by TEEBAgriFood.

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Towards TEEBAgriFood

TEEB is bringing together economists, business leaders, agriculturalists and experts in biodiversity and ecosystem services to systematically review the economic interdependencies between agriculture and natural ecosystems, and provide a comprehensive economic valuation of eco-agri-food systems. Alexander Müller, TEEB for Agriculture & Food…

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TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

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