TEEB Pilot Country Studies

Photo: © Aymaan Ahmed/Flickr – Bhutan

The project “Reflecting the Value of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Policy-Making”, financed by the European Commission, supports national and local capacity to produce assessments of ecosystem services, as well as guidance on how to include the recommendations into policy-making.

Bhutan, Ecuador, Liberia, Philippines and Tanzania, expressed interest to participate in this three year project, each undertaking a TEEB country study responding to their policy needs.

A TEEB Country Study identifies the ecosystem services that are vital to meeting the country’s policy priorities and makes recommendations on how these services can be integrated into policies. These recommendations depending on the country context, can include policies for poverty alleviation, subsidy reform, land use management, protected area management, securing livelihoods, investment in natural infrastructure restoration and national accounting to include natural capital.

 Country Studies

© Ritwick Dutta


TEEB Bhutan will inform the Sustainable Hydropower Development Policy of 2008 and the Alternative Renewable Energy Policy of 2013, both of which call for a diversification of Bhutan’s energy sources. The TEEB study assesses changes in ecosystem services provisioning under hydropower development, with a focus on watershed services. Read More




TEEB Ecuador project helps policy makers see how investing in natural capital supports the transformation of the country’s productive and energy matrix. Through participative scenario analysis at the landscape level, TEEB assesses the impacts of different incentive programmes and land use decisions on ecosystem services and biodiversity. Read More




The TEEB Liberia study aims to reduce the pressures and threats on coastal mangroves by mainstreaming the value of biodiversity and ecosystem services into coastal and marine planning policies. The project will provide evidence of the benefits of community-based coastal and marine management, the introduction of alternative livelihood options, and the establishment of marine protected areas. Read More




TEEB Philippines informs land reclamation and coastal development plans for Manila Bay, where there is a planned reclamation covering 685 hectares. One of the areas that could be affected by this reclamation project is the Las Piñas-Paranaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism Area (LPPCHEA). TEEB Philippines employs a conservation, reclamation, and development scenario analysis focusing on mangroves. The study will characterize and, where possible, value potential changes in ecosystem service provisioning. The study will also identify the constituencies affected by trade-offs in ecosystem service provisioning, with a focus on vulnerable coastal population groups. Read More




TEEB Tanzania will inform land use policies in the Rufiji River Basin. Many agriculture and water projects are planned in the basin as part of the government’s Big Results Now (BRN) Initiative. At the same time, there are competing water and land uses in the basin: activities such as afforestation of mountain grasslands, sugarcane farming, deforestation of mangroves, planned dam construction for irrigation, and pastoral livestock systems make it a challenge to sustainably manage the watershed. TEEB will examine land use trade-offs in the basin and conduct scenario analyses to inform policies for prudent basin-wide management. Read More


Relevant Documents

guidance The Guidance Manual for TEEB Country Studies provides both technical and operational guidance on how countries may conduct a TEEB Country Study. It outlines the various steps that may be taken to initiate and implement a country study, communicate its findings, and implement the recommendations of the study.


THIS project is funded by the EU


TEEB-inspired country studies

The TEEB Secretariat also provides a platform for TEEB-inspired country studies that are financed and managed by governments or other development partners. The TEEB Secretariat has, in some cases, had no direct involvement with the studies, while for others it has provided support inter alia project design and fundraising, technical assistance on ensuring that the project follows the TEEB approach, and formal endorsement as a “TEEB Country Study” by the TEEB Advisory Board.

Information about TEEB-inspired country studiesread more


Countries and institutions interested in conducting TEEB or TEEB-inspired projects or showcasing their current work are encouraged to contact the UNEP TEEB Office for support and guidance by sending an email to teeb@unep.org.