|Country||Project Overview||Scope||Contact Details|
TEEB in Brazil aims to recognize, demonstrate and capture the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services in Brazil, and targets policy actions at national and state levels, improvements in business assessments and disclosure, and improved citizen awareness.
Ana Paula Prates
Ministry of Environment Brazil
The implementation of national TEEB efforts became an international commitment under the CBD and the Aichi Targets, and a Brazilian national commitment related to the National Biodiversity Targets (CONABIO Resolution no 6, of 03 September 2013).
TEEB in Brazil aims to recognize, demonstrate and capture the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services in Brazil, and targets policy actions at national and state levels, improvements in business assessments and disclosure, and improved citizen awareness.In this context, TEEB concepts have been approached from different perspectives since 2011.
The “Business Sector TEEB” iniciative was launched in October 2011 and coordinated by Conservation International. This project aimed at demonstrating that the integration of natural assets considerations in business decision-making not only assists companies in making the best choices to improve production, but also brings resilience to businesses. Preliminary findings of TEEB for Business Brazil were presented at the Rio +20 Conference. In March 2014, the Business Sector TEEB published the results of an unprecedented study comparing the environmental value of different agricultural practices for the production of palm oil (dendê) and soybean in pilot projects of the Natura and Monsanto companies. In both cases, results prove that conserving the natural capital is “good business” (MMA, 2015 2014).
Another initiative that is being implemented through a Brazil-Germany Cooperation is the Project called “Regional-Local TEEB Project: Biodiversity Conservation through the Integration of Ecosystem Services into Public Policy and Business Action”. This project has been carried out since 2012 by the Brazilian government, under the coordination of the Ministry of the Environment (MMA), in partnership with the National Industrial Confederation (CNI), in the context of Brazil-Germany Cooperation for Sustainable Development. The project will end at May of 2019.
The Project’s Main goals:
Identify and highlight the benefits resulting from conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in Brazil, as well as assess the costs associated to their loss;
Integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services’ values into decision-making processes by public actors and business.
Integration of ecosystem services into the development of national-level policies and strategies;
Integration of ecosystem services into priority processes in regional development;
Integration of ecosystem services into the management of small and medium businesses;
Support for the development of Environmental Economic Accounts.
The Project uses as a conceptual basis a manual to guide the integration of ecosystem services into development planning – the “Integration of Ecosystem Services into Development Planning: A step-by-step guide for practitioners based on the TEEB Initiative” (The ISE Approach). The publication considers the environmental and economic trade-offs associated to development actions and didactically assists development planners to systematically integrate the opportunities and risks associated to ecosystem services into the planning, revision and implementation of projects and proposals, development strategies, sectoral and spatial planning, environmental and climate assessments, and other similar planning exercises (MMA, 2015).
The TEEB Regional-Local project focuses on fostering examples of effective implementation at local and regional levels, to provide models of biodiversity and ecosystem value integration into the planning of public policies and to strengthen the dialogue between public and private actors. Current processes (e.g. policies, plans, programs, instruments) at regional and local levels are identified that may contribute with innovative approaches in the valuation and conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services with a view to informing decision-making.
Partnerships with decision-makers at the regional and local levels, whether state or municipal governments or representatives of the business sector, enable a joint structure for the execution of the project and the implementation of pilot projects. In addition, the Project promotes the involvement of research institutes and civil society actors that influence the design of climate, ecosystem and biodiversity policies and that participate in cross-sector dialogue forums.
TEEB Regional-Local Project’s strategy:
For the public sector
- Development and dissemination of knowledge and capacities in Ecosystem Services, Integration of Ecosystem Services (IES) approach and methods for IES into policy and planning;
- Technical advice to pilot projects on how to integrate ES values in territorial planning, management processes and into legislation and economic instruments’ design;
- Identification of opportunities/ entry points for the integration of Ecosystem Services in policies, programs and instruments;
- Communication of the value of Ecosystem Services;
- Mainstreaming of Ecosystem Services in sectorial agendas;
- Development of more sustainable public policies, plans, programs and development strategies.
For the private sector
- Development and improvement of methods and tools;
- Engagement of the State Federations of Industries and companies;
- Testing of methods and procedures in pilot companies;
- Consolidation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on the agenda of the industrial sector;
- Incorporation of the natural capital in decision making processes.
Brazil established its national biodiversity targets for 2011-2020 as its contribution towards the international commitments set within the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), by means of the Aichi Targets, of which the following can be highlighted: the need to people be aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably (Target 1), the need to integrate biodiversity values into national and local development strategies (Target 2), the need to develop positive incentives to biodiversity and to reduce the harmful ones (Target 3)and the need for Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels to have taken steps, by 2020, to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources within safe ecological limits (Target 4).
In this context, it is essential to highlight the interconnection existing between natural capital and economy to both society and policy-makers so this awareness can reflect on the planning and design of public and corporate policies.
Implementers and Donors of the Regional-Local TEEB project: Ministry of Environment Brazil (MMA), Confederation of Industry of Brazil (CNI), Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) through its cooperation agency, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
2014– This report highlights the environmental value of agricultural practices of two companies Natura and Monsanto and demonstrates the environmental and economic benefits generated by sustainable business practices including the lessons learned from the first application of TEEB in Brazil.
2012-This executive summary is a synthesis of the approach, conclusions and recommendations of TEEB for the Brazilian business sector.