Guidance Manual for TEEB country studies


The Guidance Manual for “The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity” (TEEB) Country Studies was launched by UNEP and partners during the Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity, 28 May 2013. The Guidance Manual was developed following requests from countries interested in undertaking a TEEB country study, in order to achieve their development goals whilst at the same time sustainably managing their natural resources.

This TEEB Manual provides both technical and operational guidance on how countries may conduct a TEEB Country Study. It outlines the various steps that may be taken to initiate and implement a country study, communicate its findings, and implement the recommendations of the study.

The Guidance Manual is part of the TEEB implementation project “Reflecting the Values of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Policy-making”, financed by the European Commission, which will support the implementation of TEEB in five developing countries over a period of three years. It will ensure the methodological coherence of the project. The Guidance Manual was developed by UNEP, the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) among others.

Download the Guidance Manual TEEB Country Studies here.

To contact us if you have further questions or comments, send an email to

For whom is this Manual written?

This manual is designed for anyone who is considering or currently undertaking a TEEB country study (TCS). Its purpose is to provide guidance throughout the entire TCS cycle i.e., from initiation, to policy analysis and ecosystem service valuations, communicating findings, following up and finally applying results.

The manual is not intended to be prescriptive but rather provides directions and guidelines for TEEB implementation, which must be adapted according to the specific circumstances and objectives of the country. It also outlines the quality and completeness criteria for such a study to become formally endorsed as a “TEEB Country Study” by the Advisory Board of the international TEEB initiative

Citation: TEEB – The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (2013): Guidance Manual for TEEB Country Studies. Version 1.0.

Authors: Heidi Wittmer (UFZ), Hugo van Zyl (Independent Economic Researchers), Claire Brown (UNEP WCMC),
Julian Rode (UFZ), Ece Ozdemiroglu (Eftec), Nick Bertrand (UNEP), Patrick ten Brink (IEEP), Andrew Seidl (Colorado State
University), Marianne Kettunen (IEEP), Leonardo Mazza (IEEP), Florian Manns (UFZ), Jasmin Hundorf (UNEP), Isabel Renner
(GIZ), Strahil Christov (DG Environment), Pavan Sukhdev (GIST)

Guidance Manual Chapters

Chapter 1. Introduction: what is TEEB and how does it integrate into the policy landscape?

This introduction aims to make sure you understand the concept of TEEB and the motivations of adding an economic perspective to the debate on biodiversity, before beginning a TEEB country study (TCS). This chapter will enable the reader to discuss and identify the added value of a TEEB study in his/her country and to get an overview of on-going related policy initiatives.

Chapter 2. How to select the scope and objectives of the TEEB country study and how to set up the process?

After an overview of expected outputs of the scoping phase (Section 2.1), this chapter provides information on how to identify the highest priority concerns and determine focus areas and objectives (Section 2.2); how to set up the process of conducting a TEEB country study and its governance structure (Section 2.3); and how to identify and bring on board the relevant stakeholders (Section 2.4).


Example: Governance structure TEEB Germany

Example: TEEB Germany online consultations

Example: ToR UK National Ecosystem Assessment

Chapter 3. Main study phase

The findings of Scoping results are the departure point for the main study phase. Based on these, terms of reference can be designed which can help to orient the formation of study teams on the different aspects identified as relevant (for examples see TCS guidance webpage). Guidance presented here on the main study phase is provided largely along the six steps outlined in TEEB Local Ch. 2. These steps are important to apply, but need not all necessarily be applied in the order presented or to the same level of detail. This reflects the uniqueness of each decision-making context along with differences between approaches favoured by individual countries and institutions.


Example: Terms of Reference: Integrating ecosystem services into development planning and public financing, Peru

Example: Terms of Reference: Scoping study of the economics of ecosystems and biodiversity – Southeast Asia

Chapter 4. How to use the findings and recommendations of the TEEB country study?

In this section you will find some good practice tips for achieving stakeholder engagement during dissemination of a TEEB country study.


Example: Review Template for comments

Example: Review Template TEEB for Local Policy


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