SDG targets related to food systems



  • Equal rights to economic resources, access to basic services, natural resources, control over land and other forms of property, microfinance, etc. (1.4)
  • Build resilience of the poor and reduce exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters (1.5)
  • End hunger and ensure access (2.1)
  • End malnutrition (2.2)
  • Double agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers (2.3)
  • Sustainable food production practices and resilient agricultural practices (2.4)
  • Maintain genetic diversity (2.5)
  • Increase agricultural investment (2.a)
  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets (2b)
  • Ensure proper functioning of food commodity markets (2.c)
  • Reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases (3.4)
  • Substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination (3.9)
  • Reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws (5a)
  • All learners acquire the skills needed to promote sustainable development, including sustainable lifestyles and appreciation of cultural diversity to sustainable development (4.7)
  • Achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all (6.1)
  • Improve water quality by reducing pollution (6.3)
  • Increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals of water (6.4)
  • Implement integrated water resources management at all levels (6.5)
  • Protect and restore water-related ecosystems (6.6)
  • Expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes (6.a)
  • Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management (6.b)
  • Increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix (7.2)
  • Enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology (7.a)
  • Expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all (7.b)
  • Improve global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation (8.4)
  • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men (8.5)
  • Access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets (9.3)
  • Upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes (9.4)
  • Achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population (10.1)
  • Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage (11.4)
  • Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning (11.a)
  • Sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources (12.2)
  • Reduce food waste and food losses (12.3)
  • Environmentally sound management of chemicals and waste (12.4)
  • Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle (12.6)
  • People have relevant information and awareness for lifestyles in harmony with nature (12.8)
  • Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production (12.a)
  • Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions (12.c)
  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters (13.1)
  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies (13.2)
  • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 (13.a)
  • Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries (13.b)
  • Prevent and reduce marine pollution, in particular marine debris and nutrient pollution (14.1)
  • Sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems (14.2)
  • Conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas (14.5)
  • Prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies (14.6)
  • Increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources (14.7)
  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology (14.a)
  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets (14.b)
  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources (14.c)
  • Ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services (15.1)
  • Sustainable forest management (15.2)
  • Combat desertification and restore degrade land and soil (15.3)
  • Ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development (15.4)
  • Halt the loss of biodiversity (15.5)
  • Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources (15.6)
  • Integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts (15.9)
  • Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels (16.6)
  • Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels (16.7)
  • Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance (16.8)
  • Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries (17.5 – Finance)
  • Enhance regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms (17.6 – Technology)
  • Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization (17.10 – Trade)
  • Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development (17.14 – policy and institutional coherence)
  • Build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product (17.19 – data, monitoring and accountability)

Latest Publications

Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) (2018). Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis of the results and recommendations of TEEB for Agriculture and Food’s Scientific and Economic Foundations report. Geneva: UN Environment. Download report

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Scientific and Economic Foundations Report

The TEEBAgriFood ‘Scientific and Economic Foundations’ report addresses the core theoretical issues and controversies underpinning the evaluation of the nexus between the agri-food sector, biodiversity and ecosystem services and externalities including human health impacts from agriculture on a global scale. It argues the…

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TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

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TEEB for Agriculture & Food Concept Note

February 2014- The Concept Note presents the case for and proposed outline content of a TEEB for Agriculture & Food study.

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Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress

December 2013 – The briefing note outlines existing guidance and examples on water quality accounting and identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting. Inspired by the growing global focus on natural capital accounting, the note identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting, in order to encourage debate and commitment towards effective water and biodiversity policy.

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