TEEB Kenya

 © Neil Palmer (CIAT) – Mount Kenya region

Country Overview

A major challenge Kenya has to face in the context of the management of agricultural landscapes is population growth:  population tripled over the past 30 years and is expected to double again by 2045; and under-nutrition still affects 30% of the Kenyan population today. These factors have led to a decline in per-capita food production, and are described in Kenya´s Fifth Assessment Report to the CBD  as “an overarching threat to the country’s biodiversity”. Small-scale and rain-fed agriculture and livestock production remain the main sources of livelihood for the majority of Kenyans, and employs 75 per cent of the labour force.

CBD Assesment Report  (2015) states:  “Agricultural expansion has led to serious land degradation driven by poor farming methods. Crop yields are on the decline and a high percentage of agrochemicals applied find their way into water bodies, causing serious pollution and eutrophication”. The UN Environment Green Economy assessment report outlines the need for “scaling-up efforts in agro-forestry; sustainable water management; education, training and capacity building, mainly in soil and water management; and research and development”.


This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI).
The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag


Latest Publications

TEEBAgriFood Interim Report

The Interim Report introduces the key questions, issues and arguments to be addressed by TEEBAgriFood.

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Towards TEEBAgriFood

TEEB is bringing together economists, business leaders, agriculturalists and experts in biodiversity and ecosystem services to systematically review the economic interdependencies between agriculture and natural ecosystems, and provide a comprehensive economic valuation of eco-agri-food systems. Alexander Müller, TEEB for Agriculture & Food…

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TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

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TEEB for Agriculture & Food Concept Note

February 2014- The Concept Note presents the case for and proposed outline content of a TEEB for Agriculture & Food study.

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Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress

December 2013 – The briefing note outlines existing guidance and examples on water quality accounting and identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting. Inspired by the growing global focus on natural capital accounting, the note identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting, in order to encourage debate and commitment towards effective water and biodiversity policy.

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