TEEB Tanzania

© Roberto Maldeno – Flickr

Country overview

Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa. Its economy depends significantly on agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry, which in total account for approximately 65 per cent of GDP, 60 per cent of the total export earnings, and employ over 80 per cent of the population. Tanzania has excellent potential for agriculture-led economic growth, and is self-sufficient in food production, with over 90 per cent of food consumed being ‘home grown’. Yet rapid population growth in both rural and urban areas, unplanned human and livestock migrations, habitat fragmentation, and overexploitation of natural resources are quickly eroding the quality of Tanzania’s environmental resources.

Furthermore, less than 30% of people in rural areas have access to safe water, and malnutrition is reported to have doubled in the last 25 years. In addition to sustaining the livelihoods of the agricultural sector in general and small scale farmers in particular, biodiversity is very important in Tanzania as the country is home to over 220 tribes with diverse cultural practices, customs, religions and traditions that are linked to the integrity of nature. In particular, plants are considered sacred by some communities and hold a distinct social value.



This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI).
The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag

Latest Publications

TEEBAgriFood Interim Report

The Interim Report introduces the key questions, issues and arguments to be addressed by TEEBAgriFood.

Read more

Towards TEEBAgriFood

TEEB is bringing together economists, business leaders, agriculturalists and experts in biodiversity and ecosystem services to systematically review the economic interdependencies between agriculture and natural ecosystems, and provide a comprehensive economic valuation of eco-agri-food systems. Alexander Müller, TEEB for Agriculture & Food…

Read more

TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

Read more

TEEB for Agriculture & Food Concept Note

February 2014- The Concept Note presents the case for and proposed outline content of a TEEB for Agriculture & Food study.

Read more

Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress

December 2013 – The briefing note outlines existing guidance and examples on water quality accounting and identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting. Inspired by the growing global focus on natural capital accounting, the note identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting, in order to encourage debate and commitment towards effective water and biodiversity policy.

Read more