Module one : Responding to nature’s invisibilities

Module 1


About this module

The main goal of this module is to highlight and presents the arguments for doing a TEEB study. The Module finalized in 2013, is  divided into four main sessions.

The idea and rationale behind this TEEB training resource material is to engage with national level implementers and demonstrate the value and importance of undertaking a TEEB study in their own countries. Being able to understand the importance and role of biodiversity and ecosystem services, particularly within national policy making, can ensure better decision making with regard to natural resource management and help address current policy drivers of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation.

The training resource material has been developed by the UNEP TEEB office in collaboration with its various partners. The contents build on the 2012 TEEB reports and draw from the wealth of training materials developed under previous TEEB Phases, as well as under other relevant projects and initiatives e.g. GIZ training guide on how to integrate ecosystems services into development planning, SCDB online modular training course focusing on valuation and WBCSDs Business and Ecosystem Training.

Using this resource

This training resource material can be used freely by any person or organization interested in delivering a TEEB training course and we encourage the wide use and adaptation of this material to fit country or region specific contexts. In order to receive the modules and session documents in workable formats, please send a request email to

For any feedback or comments on these resource materials, please contact us at

Module contents


Short description

 Introduction  Introduction Presents the module, sessions and objectives.
 Session 1  Biodiversity loss and its drivers Reviews key terms and concepts around   biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystems services.
 Session 2  Biodiversity loss  Identifies key drivers and causes for biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation.
 Session 3  TEEB approach  Introduces TEEB – its origins and the TEEB approach (recognize, demonstrate, capture)
 Session 4  Framing the issue  Determines the policy questions and, using case studies, shows how the TEEB approach can be applied
 Bibliography  Bibliography  Lists the key resources for the module

Latest Publications

Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) (2018). Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis of the results and recommendations of TEEB for Agriculture and Food’s Scientific and Economic Foundations report. Geneva: UN Environment. Download report

Read more

Scientific and Economic Foundations Report

The TEEBAgriFood ‘Scientific and Economic Foundations’ report addresses the core theoretical issues and controversies underpinning the evaluation of the nexus between the agri-food sector, biodiversity and ecosystem services and externalities including human health impacts from agriculture on a global scale. It argues the…

Read more

TEEB Challenges and Responses

TEEB ‘s progress, challenges and responses towards mainstreaming the economics of nature. [ENG] [ESP]

Read more

TEEB for Agriculture & Food Concept Note

February 2014- The Concept Note presents the case for and proposed outline content of a TEEB for Agriculture & Food study.

Read more

Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress

December 2013 – The briefing note outlines existing guidance and examples on water quality accounting and identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting. Inspired by the growing global focus on natural capital accounting, the note identifies the ongoing challenges related to the development of natural capital accounting and water quality accounting, in order to encourage debate and commitment towards effective water and biodiversity policy.

Read more